C# UDP通信

发布时间:2020-02-27 16:44:40.11编辑:佚名阅读(303)

程序界面

流程图

代码

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Data;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Windows.Forms;
 
 
using System.Net;
using System.Net.Sockets;
using System.Threading;
 
 
namespace UDP通信程序
{
    public partial class UDPserverForm : Form
    {
        private UdpClient udpserver;//UDP服务器
        private Thread udpListenThread;//UDP监听线程
        private IPEndPoint remoteIpAndPort;//远程IP地址和端口
        private delegate void displayMessageDelegate();//委托
        
        
        public UDPserverForm()
        {
            InitializeComponent();            
            udpListenThread = new Thread(new ThreadStart(udpListen));//创建监听线程
            udpListenThread.IsBackground = true;//设为后台线程
            udpListenThread.Start();//启动监听线程
            //↓ 显示本机内网IPv4地址 win7系统
            //this.textBoxHostIp.Text = Dns.GetHostEntry(Dns.GetHostName()).AddressList[3].ToString();
 
 
            for(int i = 0; i < Dns.GetHostEntry(Dns.GetHostName()).AddressList.Length; i++)
            {
                //MessageBox.Show(Dns.GetHostEntry(Dns.GetHostName()).AddressList[i].ToString());
                //↓ 获取本机的IPv4地址,不知道怎么获取,只找到了这个办法
                if (Dns.GetHostEntry(Dns.GetHostName()).AddressList[i].AddressFamily.ToString().Equals("InterNetwork"))
                {
                    this.textBoxHostIp.Text = Dns.GetHostEntry(Dns.GetHostName()).AddressList[i].ToString();
                    break;
                }
            }
        }
 
 
        private void udpListen()//监听,线程的实际代码
        {
            int i = 1;
            while (true)//循环,端口不可用自动加1
            {
                try
                {
                    udpserver = new UdpClient(int.Parse(this.textBoxPortNumber.Text));//创建UDP服务器,绑定要监听的端口
                    break;                
                }
                catch
                {
                    //就是将预设的端口号加1
                    this.textBoxPortNumber.Text = (int.Parse(this.textBoxPortNumber.Text)+i++).ToString();
                }
            }
 
 
            remoteIpAndPort = new IPEndPoint(IPAddress.Any, 0);//定义IPENDPOINT,装载远程IP地址和端口                    
            string receivedStr;//保存接收的数据字符的临时变量
            
 
            while (true)
            {
                try
                {
                    //将udpserver接受到指定的远程主机的数据包转换成字符串保存在临时变量
                    receivedStr =
                        System.Text.Encoding.UTF8.GetString(udpserver.Receive(ref remoteIpAndPort));
 
 
                    //定义委托
                    displayMessageDelegate dis = delegate()
                    {
                        string s = "\n[I received some data]";
                        byte[] b = System.Text.Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(s);
                        this.udpserver.Send(b, b.Length, remoteIpAndPort);//接收到数据后返回 “[I received some data]”
                        this.textBoxRemoteIp.Text = remoteIpAndPort.Address.ToString();//远程主机的IP显示到窗体
                        this.textBoxRemotePort.Text = remoteIpAndPort.Port.ToString();//远程主机的端口号显示到窗体
                        this.richTextBoxRe.AppendText(string.Format("\n{0}", remoteIpAndPort));//显示远程回话(当昵称用)
                        this.richTextBoxRe.AppendText("\n"+receivedStr);//数据报显示到接收区域                        
                        this.richTextBoxRe.ScrollToCaret();//滚动到最下面,显示最新消息
                        //↓ 更新显示本地端口号(无实际意义)
                        this.textBoxPortNumber.Text = ((IPEndPoint)(this.udpserver.Client.LocalEndPoint)).Port.ToString();
                    };
 
 
                    this.Invoke(dis);//执行委托
                }
                catch
                {
                    break;
                }
            }
        }
 
 
        private void buttonClose_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            Application.Exit();
        }
 
 
        private void buttonSend_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            try
            {
                //将发送框中的文本转化成byte数组
                byte[] b = System.Text.Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(this.richTextBoxSend.Text);
                //发送到指定的远程主机(这里是谁发消息到udpserver,它就发给谁)
                this.udpserver.Send(b, b.Length, remoteIpAndPort);
                this.richTextBoxRe.AppendText("\n" + this.textBoxHostIp.Text + ":" + this.textBoxPortNumber.Text);
                this.richTextBoxRe.AppendText("\n"+this.richTextBoxSend.Text);
                this.richTextBoxSend.Clear();
                this.richTextBoxRe.ScrollToCaret();
            }
            catch
            {
                ;
            }
        }
 
 
        //修改本地监听端口号则重启线程
        private void buttonUpdatePortNumber_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            udpserver.Close();//释放UDP连接
            udpListenThread.Abort();//kill线程
            //重建线程
            udpListenThread = new Thread(new ThreadStart(udpListen));
            udpListenThread.IsBackground = true;
            udpListenThread.Start();
        }
    }
}

  关键字:C#UDP通信


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